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  • Writer's pictureAnne-Marie Soulsby

Rethinking Recycling: Why It's Not the Silver Bullet for Climate Change

I've already told you about why being green feels good and that recycling is all about doing the right thing for the right reasons. From plastic bottles to cardboard boxes, we diligently separate our recyclables, confident that "we're doing our bit" to save the planet. But what if I told you that recycling, while important, is just one small piece of the sustainability puzzle? Let's explore why recycling alone falls short in our quest for a greener future.


First, let's debunk a common misconception: not all materials are created equal when it comes to recycling. While aluminium cans and glass bottles are highly recyclable and can be turned into new products with relative ease, plastics present a far more daunting challenge. Did you know that only about 9% of all plastic ever produced has been recycled? The rest ends up in landfills, incinerators, polluting our oceans and harming marine life, or even worse our own bloodstreams. Despite our best intentions, the reality is that recycling alone cannot keep pace with our insatiable appetite for single use plastics.


But it's not just plastics that pose problems in the recycling process. Contamination – the presence of non-recyclable materials mixed in with recyclables, is a pervasive issue that undermines recycling efforts worldwide. In fact, contamination rates in recycling streams can reach as high as 25%, rendering entire batches of recyclables unusable. Imagine sorting through a pile of recycling only to find items like dirty nappies, greasy pizza boxes, or even dead animals mixed in – it's a grim reality for recycling facility workers tasked with sorting through our discarded materials.


Moreover, the economics of recycling are far from straightforward. While some materials, like aluminium and paper, have robust recycling markets and fetch decent prices, others, like mixed plastics, are less lucrative and often end up being "downcycled" into lower-quality products or landfilled. The truth is, recycling is not a profitable venture for many municipalities and recycling companies, and the costs of processing recyclables continue to rise.


So, where does that leave us in our fight against climate change?


Globally, we produce an astounding 2.01 billion metric tons of municipal solid waste annually, with only 13.5% of that waste being recycled. Despite decades of recycling efforts, the majority of our waste still ends up in landfills, incinerators, or polluting our oceans and landscapes. While recycling plays a vital role in diverting waste from landfills and conserving raw materials, its efficacy is often overstated.


Consider this: in the United Kingdom, only 45.7% of household waste was recycled in 2020, falling short of the government's target of 50%. Similarly, the European Union's recycling rate stood at 47.1% in 2018, highlighting the challenges of achieving widespread recycling adoption even in developed regions with robust waste management infrastructure.



Recycling undoubtedly plays a role, but it's just one piece of a much larger puzzle. To truly make a dent in our carbon footprint, we must rethink our consumption habits, prioritise waste reduction and reuse, and advocate for systemic changes that incentivise sustainable practices.


From food packaging to electronic gadgets, our throwaway culture perpetuates a cycle of waste that is simply unsustainable. But what if we shifted our mindset from "take, make, dispose" to "reduce, reuse, recycle"?


By embracing the principles of the circular economy – where resources are kept in use for as long as possible, and waste and pollution are minimised – we can create a more sustainable future for generations to come. This means designing products with longevity in mind, investing in repair and refurbishment services, and encouraging a culture of sharing and reuse.


Additionally, we must address the root causes of overconsumption and waste generation, tackling issues like planned obsolescence, excessive packaging, and unsustainable production practices. By supporting businesses that prioritise sustainability and holding corporations accountable for their environmental impact, we can drive meaningful change from the ground up.


But perhaps most importantly, we must recognise that individual actions alone will not solve the climate crisis. While recycling your fizzy drink cans and cardboard boxes is commendable, it's just a drop in the ocean compared to the systemic changes needed to transition to a truly sustainable society. From advocating for policy reforms to supporting renewable energy initiatives, there are countless ways to make a difference – and recycling is just the beginning.


So, the next time you toss a plastic bottle into the recycling bin, remember that it's just one small step on the journey towards a greener, more resilient planet. We need to think beyond recycling and embrace a holistic approach to sustainability, because when it comes to saving the planet, there's no such thing as a silver bullet.

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